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JNKUMS 2018, 9(3): 330-335 Back to browse issues page
Assessment and Mapping of Ultraviolet Radiation (UV-A) in a Workplace Environment of a Steel Industry
Esmaeil Shoja * 1, Hossein Ebrahimian 2, Masoumeh Gharaee 3, Mojgan Mehri 2, Hossein Elahi 4, Reza Mollaei 2
1- Faculty Member, Department of Occupational Hygiene Engineering, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
2- BSc, Department of Occupational Hygiene Engineering, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
3- MSc, Department of Epidemiology, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
4- MSc Student, Department of Occupational Hygiene Engineering, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (204 Views)
Introduction: There are different types of furnaces and hot processes in steel industries that may create UV radiation and its adverse effects on the health of the workers. This study aimed at assessing and mapping ultraviolet radiation and comparing it with standards at the Esfarayen industrial complex.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all parts of the plant complexes were studied. Ultraviolet digital radiometer (model: EC1 Hagner) was used to measure UV radiation. For zoning and drawing a contour map of ultraviolet radiations, the Surfer-v10 software was used.
Results: The results of measurements in different parts of the workshop showed that the highest levels of ultraviolet radiation is in the welding unit (0.32 mw / cm2). Comparison of the values obtained from ultra violet ray measurement with standards showed that all measured values were within the standard range. Contour maps and three-dimensional Wireframe maps of ultraviolet radiation were drawn using the Surfer-v10 software.
Conclusions: According to the obtained results, UV-A radiation in different units of measure in the workshop at all stations are allowed. The results of the measurements are drawn maps to help health and safety officials determine the limits of safety, caution and danger of radiation exposure to reduce exposure by planning for more accurate programs.
Keywords: Mapping, Ultraviolet Radiation, Steel Industry, Surfer
Full-Text [PDF 750 kb]   (87 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
References
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20. Ng K, editor Non-ionizing radiations–sources, biological effects, emissions and exposures. International conference on non-ionizing radiation at UNITEN; 2013
21. WHO/EHG. A Scientific Summary of Environmental, Health Criteria. WHO/EHG, 2015.
22. Bouzarjomehri F. Health and radiations. 1st ed. Tehran: Asare Sobhan Publition; 2012.
23. Abramson C, Page M, Zolna M, Howard W, Aquino I, Nain S. A Preliminary Study of Illimination levels in University and Elementary Classroom in Campine Grande, Brazil. J Soc Sci. 2011;3(3):106-9.
24. Majidi F, Abedi K, Pirsaraei SRA. Occupational exposure to infrared radiation in aluminum and cast-iron foundries in Zanjan, Iran. Int J Occup Hyg. 2011;3(1):33-7.
25. Karimi S. Occupational hazards of ultraviolet radiation. 1st ed. Tehran: Fanavaran publition; 2012.
26. Lucas R, McMichael T, Smith W, Armstrong B. Environmental Burden of Disease Series. No.13. Solar Ultraviolet Radiation: Global burden of disease from solar ultraviolet radiation. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2011.
27. Shahbazi-Gahrouei D. natural background radiation dosimetry in the highest altitude region of Iran. J Radiat Res. 2003;44(3):285-7. PMID: 14646234 [DOI:10.1269/jrr.44.285]
28. Scotto J, Fears TR. The association of solar ultraviolet and skin melanoma incidence among caucasians in the United States. Cancer Invest. 1987;5(4):275-83. PMID: 3664331 [DOI:10.1080/07357908709170100]
29. Ghotbi Ravandi M, Khanjani N, Nadri F, Nadri A, Ahmadian M, Toolabi A. Evaluation of illumination intensity and ultraviolet radiation at Kerman Medical University libraries. Iran Occup Health. 2012;8(4):29-35.
30. Behrooz M, Seif F, Asl J, Behrooz L. Variation of cosmic ultraviolet radiation measurements in Ahvaz at different months of year. Sci Med J. 2010;9(1):45-51.
31. Akhgari M, Ghasemi Bromand M. A bilateral macular hemorrhage caused by welding. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2013;9(2):143-8.
32. Nabi Zadeh R, Salehi Rashidi S, Yonesian m, Nddafi K. Evaluate the relationship between the global index UV radiation of the sun in different parts of Iran With skin cancer. J Health Environ. 2011;2(4):258-67.
33. Vatani J, Raei M, Asadi M. Assessing the ultraviolet exposure level in welding workers of Sar-Cheshmeh copper complex. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013;15(4):76-7.
34. Golden Software I. Surfer Getting Started Guide, Contouring and 3D Surface Mapping for Scientists and Engineers Colorado Golden Software, Inc; 2012. Available from: www.goldensoftware.com.
35. Golden Software I. Surfer Self-Paced Training Guide USA2012. Available from: http://www.geosoluciones.cl/documentos/surfer/.
36. Guenel P, Laforest L, Cyr D, Fevotte J, Sabroe S, Dufour C, et al. Occupational risk factors, ultraviolet radiation, and ocular melanoma: a case-control study in France. Cancer Causes Control. 2001;12(5):451-9. DOI: 10.1023/a:1011271420974PMID: 11545460
37. Saraiya M, Glanz K, Briss PA, Nichols P, White C, Das D, et al. Interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2004;27(5):422-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.08.009PMID: 15556744
38. Asmand E, Zamanian Z, Mortazavi S. Assessment of health consequences of occupational exposure to ultraviolet radiation in steel industry welders. Armaghan-e-Danesh. 2014;19(7):643-53.
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Shoja E, Ebrahimian H, Gharaee M, Mehri M, Elahi H, Mollaei R. Assessment and Mapping of Ultraviolet Radiation (UV-A) in a Workplace Environment of a Steel Industry. JNKUMS. 2018; 9 (3) :330-335
URL: http://journal.nkums.ac.ir/article-1-1282-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 3 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences
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