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JNKUMS 2018, 9(3): 453-460 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Quality Of Life in Elderlies
Hamed Mortazavi 1, Ebrahim Golmakani 2, Mohammadreza Armat 3, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr 4, Ebrahim Hasanzadeh *5
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Geriatric Nursing, Gerontological Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3- Faculty Member, Department of Geriatric Nursing, Gerontological Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
4- Faculty Member, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Gerontological Care Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
5- MSc Student, Department of Geriatric Nursing, Gerontological Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Abstract:   (95 Views)
Introduction: Spiritual intelligence is a dimension of spiritual health, which facilitates human adaptation to his/her environment. Since beliefs, culture and spiritual commitments can be associated with positive outcomes such as physical and psychological health, satisfaction with life, favorable interpersonal performance and better quality of life, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual intelligence and quality of life of older people covered by health centers in the city of Kashmar in 2015-16.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which 430 eligible elderlies living in urban and rural areas of the city of Kashmar were selected through stratified random sampling. Research instruments were spiritual intelligence questionnaires of Abdullah Zadeh et al. and quality of life questionnaire LEIPAD. For data analysis, test and Spearman's correlation coefficient were used.
Results: According to the results, the average score of elderlies’ spiritual intelligence in Kashmar city (114.79 ± 6.15) was at an optimum level and the qualities of their lives (52.94 ± 6.56) were assessed as medium. In addition, there was a significant negative correlation between the mean score of spiritual intelligence level and the quality of life among elderlies in Kashmar city (P = 0.01, r = -124).
Conclusions: The present study results showed that despite the inverse and significant relationship found between the mean score of spiritual intelligence and the mean score of quality of life in elderlies of Kashmar, the results obtained showed the need for further studies in other parts of the country with different cultural, economic and social backgrounds, and with different sample sizes (smaller or larger), given the mutual effects of spiritual intelligence and quality of life of elderlies as a factor affecting positive outcomes such as physical and mental health, satisfaction with life and favorable performance among them.
Keywords: Elderly, Spiritual Intelligence, Quality of Life
Full-Text [PDF 757 kb]   (63 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
References
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90. Haditabar H, Navabinejad S, Ghodsi A. Effect of training spiritual intelligence on quality of life among veteran spouses. Iranian J War Public Health. 2012;4(2):1-11.
91. Hosseinian S, Ghasemzadeh S, Niknam M. Prediction of quality of life in female teachers on the basis of emotional and spiritual intelligence variables. Q J Career Organ Counsel. 2011;3(9):42-60.
92. Kiamarsi A, Abolghasemi A. Emotional intelligence and frustration: predictors of quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci. 2010;5:827-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.193 [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.193]
93. Zamani S, Bahrainian S, Ashrafi S, Moqtaderi S. Impresment Spiritual Intelligence on the Quality oflife and Psychological well Being Among the Elderly Living Nursing home in Bandar Abbas. J Geriat Nurs. 2015;1(4):82-94.
94. Brillhart B. A study of spirituality and life satisfaction among persons with spinal cord injury. Rehabil Nurs. 2005;30(1):31-4. PMID: 15736617 [DOI:10.1002/j.2048-7940.2005.tb00353.x]
95. Okulicz-Kozaryn A. Religiosity and life satisfaction: A multilevel investigation across nations. Instit Quan Soc Sci Harvard Univ. 2009.
96. Zullig K, Ward R, Horn T. The association between perceived spirituality, religiosity, and life satisfaction: The mediating role of self-rated health. Soc Indicat Res. 2006;79:255-74. [DOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4127-5]
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Mortazavi H, Golmakani E, Armat M, Tabatabaeichehr M, Hasanzadeh E. The Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Quality Of Life in Elderlies. JNKUMS. 2018; 9 (3) :453-460
URL: http://journal.nkums.ac.ir/article-1-1286-en.html
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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences
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