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JNKUMS 2018, 9(3): 445-452 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship of Nursing Home Caregivers’ Awareness and Attitude Towards Elderlies with their Job
Saeed Frouzandeh 1, Mahshid Foroughan *2, Mohammad Ali Hosseini 3, Akram Farhadi 4, Akbar Biglarian 5
1- MSc Student, Department of Rehabilitation Administration, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Administration, Iranian Research Centre on Ageing, University of Social Welfare and RehabilitationSciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Administration, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Pediatric Neurology Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (49 Views)
Introduction: The more the number of elderlies, the higher the number of them will be who need to be cared in nursing homes. Most of this care is delivered by formal caregivers working in nursing homes; so, investigating the factors related to quality care is critical. This study was conducted to assess how caregivers’ attitude towards aged people and their awareness about aging are related to their job stress.
Methods: This cross-sectional correlational study was implemented during 2015 in all residential care homes of Tehran, were working under Welfare Organization supervision. A total of 83 elderly caregivers in 11 centers who met the inclusion criteria entered the study. Demographic checklist, Health and Safety Executive (HSE), Kogan's Attitudes Toward Older People Scale, and Facts on aging quiz (FAQI) were applied to collect data. The gathered data was analyzed using SPSS-22. Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Spearman tests were used to test the hypotheses.
Results: Findings showed the low awareness levels in regards with the facts of aging (8.18 ± 1.61) and relatively positive attitude towards older adults (121.57 ± 10.28), accompanied by high levels of job stress among the caregivers (102.75 ± 10.09). Job stress showed negative but statistically significant relationship with both awareness and attitude (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: Based on the results, low levels of awareness and negative attitude toward aging in the formal caregivers was related to high levels of job stress. Therefore, more attention toward training of formal caregivers to increase their knowledge and correct their attitudes is recommended with the aim of avoiding job stress and preserving the quality care.
Keywords: Awareness, Attitude, Caregiver, Elderly, Nursing Homes, Burnout
Full-Text [PDF 863 kb]   (33 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
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165. Edwards JA, Webster S, Van Laar D, Easton S. Psychometric analysis of the UK health and Safety Executive's Management Standards work-related stress Indicator Tool. Work Stress. 2008;22(2):96-107. DOI: 10.1080/02678370802166599 [DOI:10.1080/02678370802166599]
166. Cousins * R, MacKay CJ, Clarke SD, Kelly C, Kelly PJ, McCaig RH. 'Management Standards' work-related stress in the UK: practical development. Work Stress. 2004;18(2):113-36. DOI: 10.1080/02678370410001734322 [DOI:10.1080/02678370410001734322]
167. MacKay * CJ, Cousins R, Kelly PJ, Lee S, McCaig RH. 'Management Standards' and work-related stress in the UK: policy background and science. Work Stress. 2004;18(2):91-112. DOI: 10.1080/02678370410001727474 [DOI:10.1080/02678370410001727474]
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169. Azad Marzabadi E, Gholami Feshraki M. [Reliability and Validity Assessment for the HSE Job Stress Questionnaire]. J Behav Sci. 2011;4(4):11-2.
170. Rejeh N, Heravi-Karimooi M, Montazeri A, Foroughan M, Vaismoradi M. [Psychometric properties of the Facts on Aging Quiz Scale]. Payesh. 2012;11(2):249-56.
171. Rejeh N, Heravi-Karimooi M, Montazeri A, Foroughan M, Vaismoradi M. Psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Kogan's Attitudes Toward Older People Scale. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2012;9(2):216-22. DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-7924.2012.00204.xPMID: 23181890
172. Ripich D, Kercher K, Wykle M, Sloan D, Ziol E. Effects of communication training on African American and White caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease. J Aging Ethnicity. 1998;1(3):163-78.
173. Hamedanizadeh F, MotahedianTabrizi A, Sarhangi F, Zighimat F. [Study of nurses' attitudes towards the care of elderly patients]. Kowsar. 2007:253-8.
174. Mortazavi H, Moayyed L, Golmakani E, Ghaneizare F, Usefi M, Hasanzadeh E. [Nurses' attitudes towards older people and aging]. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2014;5(5):1063-8.
175. Hweidi IM, Al-Hassan MA. Jordanian nurses' attitudes toward older patients in acute care settings. Int Nurs Rev. 2005;52(3):225-32. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2005.00434.xPMID: 16033450
176. Wells Y, Foreman P, Gething L, Petralia W. Nurses' attitudes toward aging and older adults--examining attitudes and practices among health services providers in Australia. J Gerontol Nurs. 2004;30(9):5-13. PMID: 15471058 [DOI:10.3928/0098-9134-20040901-04]
177. HosseiniSeresht F, NasiriZiba A, Kermani F. [Assesment of Nursing Students and Clinial Nurses' Attitude Toward Elderly Care]. Aging J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2006;19(45):57-67.
178. Lapane KL, Hughes CM. Considering the employee point of view: perceptions of job satisfaction and stress among nursing staff in nursing homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007;8(1):8-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2006.05.010PMID: 17210497
179. Ebrahimi H, Navidian A, Keykha R. [The effect of supportive nursing care in reducing anxiety of patients receiving electroconvulsive therapy]. Iranian J Psychiatr Nurs. 2014;1(4):13-24.
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Frouzandeh S, Foroughan M, Hosseini M A, Farhadi A, Biglarian A. The Relationship of Nursing Home Caregivers’ Awareness and Attitude Towards Elderlies with their Job. JNKUMS. 2018; 9 (3) :445-452
URL: http://journal.nkums.ac.ir/article-1-1285-en.html
Volume 9, Issue 3 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences
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