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JNKUMS 2018, 9(3): 305-310 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Knowledge and Attitude of Medical and Non-Medical Students Regarding Organ Donation in Ferdows City during 2015-2016
Hamid Hamid TavakoliGhuchani Hamid TavakoliGhuchani 1, Yahya Mohammadi 2, Monireh Tabei * 3
1- PhD, Department of Health Education, School of Public Health, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran
2- PhD Student, Department of Curriculum Development, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
3- MSc, Department of Nursing, Ferdows School of Paramedics, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (196 Views)

Introduction: The most important source of organ donation for patients in need is the brain dead patients. Regarding the high accident rate in Iran and the low donation rate in the country, the present study was conducted to compare the knowledge and attitude of the students of medical sciences and non-medical sciences in Ferdows city regarding organ donation.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 480 students of medical and non-medical sciences were selected from Islamic Azad University, Universities of Paramedical Sciences and Payame Noor in Ferdows City using the non-random sampling method during 2015-2016. The data were collected using a valid and reliable questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed using independent t-test and ANOVA by the SPSS 22 software.

Results: The results of this study showed that there was a significant difference in the variable of attitude between medical and non-medical students (P = 0.041). Also, there was no significant difference in the variable of knowledge between medical and non-medical students (P = 0.094). However, the mean of the knowledge variable in medical students (19.08 ± 2.93) was higher than non-medical students (18.48 ± 4.74).

Conclusions: According to the results of this study, the knowledge about organ donation is low; so, public education at the community level should be increased to improve the positive attitude towards the organ donation and, consequently, to increase the rate of transplantation.

Keywords: Organ Donation, Knowledge, Attitude, Students
Full-Text [PDF 660 kb]   (80 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
References
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15. 15. Buroman M, Asghary F. Are people in Tehran with organ donation after brain death relatives agree? . J Forensic Med. 2012;5(1):51-8.
16. 16. Zohoor A, Bozorgmagham M. The attitude of citizens to organ transplantation and organ donation in brain death. Horiz Knowledge. 2008;4(1):52-8.
17. 17. Hyde MK, White KM. To Be a Donor or Not to Be? Applying an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Posthumous Organ Donation Intentions. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2009;39(4):880-900. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00464.x
18. Abdi H, Mohamady M, Abdyazdan G. Family experiences of patients with brain death and family relationship and familiarity with the receiver member. J Knowledge Res Appl Psychol. 2012;1(1):90-8.
19. Khodami H, Ghorbani A, Shafaghi S. As a result of brain death and organ donation monitoring in hospitals affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci. 2011;15(6):171-8.
20. Ghadipasha M, Nikan Y, Salehi M, Tagodin Z. Doctors attitude toward organ donation and awareness of the rules and procedure in brain death. J Forensic Med. 2000;14(2):112-6.
21. Emdadi S, Ghalylain F, Shiri M, Mirzaee M, Morshedi M. The relationship between the abstract behaviors and organ donation card at the University of Medical Sciences. J Forensic Med. 2011;17(4):217-23.
22. Zohur A, Piri Z. Doctors and nurses special attitude toward organ donation Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2004. Iran Univ Med Sci. 2004;11(39):93-116.
23. Purhagi S, Kheyry M, Purhagi F, Akaberi A. Investigate the causes of motorcycle accidents Rakbyn admitted to the emergency hospital in Sabzevar. Sabzevar Univ Med Sci J. 2008;5(1):17-22.
24. Argamand B, Aghayan H, Gudarzi P, Gafarian A, Shabanzadeh A, Galaly F, et al. Special knowledge and attitude of nurses and emergency concerning organ donation. J Forensic Med. 2008;26(3):348-59.
25. Dulatabadi Z, Farahani B, Fesharaki M, Naghafizadeh K. Effect of education about brain death and organ donation on attitude and knowledge of nursing students. J Crit Care Nurs. 2009;3(3):109-12.
26. Hagihosainlo H, Ekhtehkari A, Ghorbani S. Brain death and organ donation and the procedure during a cross-sectional study in West Azerbaijan province. J Forensic Med. 2011;17(3):149-55.
27. Akrami SM, Osati Z, Zahedi F, Raza M. Brain death: recent ethical and religious considerations in Iran. Transplant Proc. 2004;36(10):2883-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.10.046PMID: 15686651
28. Hosain Rezaee H, Rangbar H, Arab M. Experience on the causes of brain dead patients on organ donation. J Res Health Sci. 2012;1(1):34-40.
29. Sque M, Long T, Payne S. Organ donation: key factors influencing families' decision-making. Transplant Proc. 2005;37(2):543-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.11.038PMID: 15848450
30. Jacoby LH, Breitkopf CR, Pease EA. A qualitative examination of the needs of families faced with the option of organ donation. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2005;24(4):183-9. PMID: 16043982 [DOI:10.1097/00003465-200507000-00009]
31. Rezaee V, Shakur S. Knowledge and attitudes of people over 15 years in Tehran about brain death and organ donation. Transplant after brain death affiliates. J Forensic Med. 2008;6(21):82-90.
32. Buroman M, Asghary F. Are people in Tehran with organ donation after brain death relatives agree? . J Forensic Med. 2012;5(1):51-8.
33. Zohoor A, Bozorgmagham M. The attitude of citizens to organ transplantation and organ donation in brain death. Horiz Knowledge. 2008;4(1):52-8.
34. Hyde MK, White KM. To Be a Donor or Not to Be? Applying an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Posthumous Organ Donation Intentions. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2009;39(4):880-900. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00464.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00464.x]
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Hamid TavakoliGhuchani H H T, Mohammadi Y, Tabei M. Comparison of Knowledge and Attitude of Medical and Non-Medical Students Regarding Organ Donation in Ferdows City during 2015-2016. JNKUMS. 2018; 9 (3) :305-310
URL: http://journal.nkums.ac.ir/article-1-1278-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 3 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences
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