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:: Volume 9, Issue 3 (1-2018) ::
JNKUMS 2018, 9(3): 467-473 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Existential Anxiety and Core self-Evaluation in Predicting Life Orientation of Patients with Cancer
Elyas Nikooy Kupas 1, Bahman Rahmani 2, Bijan Maghsoodlou Esterabadi 3, Seyed Jalal Younesi 4, Shiva Zamaninejad 5
1- MSc Student, Department of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- MSc Student, Department of Education and Psychology. University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3- Assistant, Department of Psychiatry, University of social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran
Abstract:   (468 Views)
Introduction: The aim of the current research was to investigate the existence of any possible relationship between existential anxiety and core self-Evaluation (CSE), in predicting life orientation of patients with cancer.
Methods: The study employed a correlational research design. One hundred patients with cancer (skin, breast, and stomach), 20 to 40 years of age, referring to hospitals in Ardabil were selected by purposeful sampling. The selected individuals completed existential anxiety, core self-evaluation and life orientation questionnaires. To analyze the data, stepwise regression analysis was used.
Results: The findings of the study showed that, there was a meaningful and positive relationship between existential anxiety and predicting pessimistic attitude towards life (P < 0.01). In addition, there was a meaningful and negative relationship between existential anxiety and predicting optimism towards life (P < 0.01). There was also a meaningful and negative relationship between core self-evaluation and predicting pessimistic attitude towards life (P < 0.01). There was a meaningful and positive relationship between existential anxiety and predicting optimism towards life (P < 0.01).
Conclusions: In regards with patients with chronic disease, in addition to physical health and medical treatments, special attention should be paid to their mental health because chronic diseases such as cancer could endanger their lives. The results also demonstrated that with medical advances in the treatment of these patients, their mental health should also be considered with the help of mental health professionals
Keywords: Existential Anxiety, Core Self-Evaluations, Optimism, Cancer
Full-Text [PDF 860 kb]   (176 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
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169. Judge TA, Erez A, Bono JE, Thoresen CJ. The Core Self-Evaluations Scale: Development of a Measure. Person Psychol. 2003;56(2):303-31. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2003.tb00152.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2003.tb00152.x]
170. Nikolaou I, Judge TA. Fairness Reactions to Personnel Selection Techniques in Greece: The role of core self‐evaluations. Int J Select Assess. 2007;15(2):206-19. [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-2389.2007.00382.x]
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172. Eskandari M, Bahmani B, Hassani F, Shafiabadi A. Cognitive-Existential Group Therapy for Parents of Children with Cancer. Iranian Rehabil J. 2013;11(2):51-5.
173. Koenig HG. Religion, spirituality, and medicine: research findings and implications for clinical practice. South Med J. 2004;97(12):1194-200. DOI: 10.1097/01.SMJ.0000146489.21837.CEPMID: 15646757
174. Lee V, Robin Cohen S, Edgar L, Laizner AM, Gagnon AJ. Meaning-making intervention during breast or colorectal cancer treatment improves self-esteem, optimism, and self-efficacy. Soc Sci Med. 2006;62(12):3133-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.041PMID: 16413644
175. Cohen J, Cohen P, West S, Aiken L. Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences: Routledge; 2013.
176. Ostir GV, Markides KS, Black SA, Goodwin JS. Emotional well-being predicts subsequent functional independence and survival. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000;48(5):473-8. PMID: 10811538 [DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2000.tb04991.x]
177. Pressman SD, Cohen S. Does positive affect influence health? Psychol Bull. 2005;131(6):925-71. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.131.6.925PMID: 16351329
178. Bono JE, Judge TA. Core self-evaluations: a review of the trait and its role in job satisfaction and job performance. Eur J Pers. 2003;17(S1):S5-S18. DOI: 10.1002/per.481 [DOI:10.1002/per.481]
179. Judge TA, Locke EA, Durham CC, Kluger AN. Dispositional effects on job and life satisfaction: the role of core evaluations. J Appl Psychol. 1998;83(1):17-34. PMID: 9494439 [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.83.1.17]
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Nikooy Kupas E, Rahmani B, Maghsoodlou Esterabadi B, Younesi S J, Zamaninejad S. The Relationship between Existential Anxiety and Core self-Evaluation in Predicting Life Orientation of Patients with Cancer. JNKUMS. 2018; 9 (3) :467-473
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